MS 101: What is Relapsing MS?
- by Teva's Lift MS® Team
- October 10, 2016
Relapses, attacks, flare-ups…you may have heard a variety of different terms, but what do they all mean?
First, some background: multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease that affects the central nervous system (CNS) as well as the immune system. In MS, inflammatory T cells attack the myelin that protects the nerve tissue in the CNS. The attack on myelin results in scar tissue called scleroses (lesions) and disrupts the body’s ability to send signals from one part of the CNS to another, causing MS symptoms.
Relapsing MS (RMS) is the most common form of multiple sclerosis and is defined by episodic symptoms. These episodes, or relapses, refer to periods of time during which multiple sclerosis symptoms worsen or new symptoms appear. Also known as attacks, exacerbations or flare-ups, relapses must last at least 24-48 hours to be considered a relapse and can last for several days up to months. Relapses are also considered temporary—they are followed by partial or complete recovery (remission).
In some cases, those living with MS may experience a temporary worsening of symptoms that is not related to inflammation or nerve damage. This is called a pseudoexacerbation. This may be related to illness, infection, exercise, heat or other factors.
During a relapse, common RMS symptoms include weakness, fatigue, walking problems, blurred vision and cognitive issues. At these times, someone living with RMS may require additional assistance at home or work, including help with childcare, housework or transportation until symptoms abate.
While we hope this information is helpful, we encourage you to seek counsel from your healthcare provider for any questions specific to your experience or that of a loved one. Please remember this blog is for general informational purposes only and does not replace conversations with your doctor. Please discuss any change in symptoms with your doctor.
COPAXONE® (glatiramer acetate injection) is a prescription medicine that is used to treat relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (MS), to include clinically isolated syndrome, relapsing-remitting disease, and active secondary progressive disease, in adults.
Do not use COPAXONE® if you are allergic to glatiramer acetate or mannitol.